Endometrial hyperplasia and weight loss management

Obesity is a leading risk factor for endometrial hyperplasia, a precursor for endometrial cancer. Sam and Priya performed a systematic review examining the role of weight loss management in the regression of endometrial hyperplasia.


Obesity is a leading risk factor for endometrial cancer and its precursor, endometrial hyperplasia (EH). Currently, weight loss is recommended for people with EH and obesity, but evidence to guide weight management as primary or adjunctive therapy is limited. This systematic review aims to assess the role of weight loss in inducing histopathological regression of EH in women with obesity.

A systematic search of Medline, PubMed, Embase and The Cochrane Library databases was conducted in January 2022. Studies reporting on participants with EH who underwent weight loss interventions, incorporating comparisons of pre- and post-intervention histology, were included. Studies were limited to those published in English with full text available.

Six studies met the inclusion criteria, all of which reported outcomes after bariatric surgery. Three studies reported outcomes for the same group of participants, therefore only one outcome set was included. Pre-operative endometrial biopsy results were available for 167 women, and 81 had post-operative biopsies reported. Nineteen women (11.4% of those biopsied) had EH pre-operatively; 17 underwent repeat sampling post-operatively. Twelve (71%) had complete histological resolution, 1 (6%) had partial regression from complex hyperplasia to simple hyperplasia, 1 (6%) had persistent atypical hyperplasia, and 3 (18%) had persistent simple hyperplasia. One patient with a normal pre-intervention biopsy had simple hyperplasia post-operatively.

Due to poor quality and overall scarcity of data, the role of weight loss in the primary or adjunctive treatment of EH is unknown. Future studies should prospectively assess weight loss modalities and targets, as well as use of concurrent therapies.